How the Human Body Works
Since muscle groups are interconnected, a multi-level work-out is assured
every time we stretch. For example, when we stretch triceps, we strengthen
biceps; in releasing spinal extensors, we compact spinal flexors; and so on.
Chest opening postures enhance lung power by opening up the airways.
Postures involving back bends contract and tone spinal extensors in the
back of spine. They also open up pectorals, intercostals, and diaphragm
(which functions like an organ, but looks like a muscle).
Forward fold contract and strengthen spinal flexors in front of the spine.
Upper body compacting helps stretch trapezius and latissimus, while side
twists stretch psoas and tone the obliques as they help re-align the spine.
Abdominal massages enhance digestion, regulate bowel movement, and
maintain healthy functioning of regional glands and organs.
Upward arm stretches loosen rotator cuffs and strengthen the deltoids.
Backward arm stretches loosen biceps and tone the triceps. Forward leg
stretches mobilize the hip extensor, strengthen quadriceps, and stretch
hamstrings and calves; pelvic stretches release adductor muscles (inner
thigh), and strengthen the abductors outside the upper thigh.
Glands, Organs, and their Functions:
adrenal - controls water, mineral, glucose levels
brain - controls all other bodily functions
diaphragm - muscular organ dividing upper / lower regions
gall bladder - stores bile to break down the food
heart - purifies blood & pumps back to body
islet of Langerhans - its insulin level controls blood sugar
kidneys - renal organs that filter waste water
large intestine - retains fecal matter for waste removal
liver - its bile is stored in the gall bladder
lungs - respiratory organs directing air flow
pancreas - its juices aid digestion of food
para-thyroid - controls calcium / phosphorus
pineal - monitors sleep patterns/ of the mind
pituitary - its hormones control body growth
small intestine - absorbs nutrients / minerals for distribution
spleen - regenerates / stores / filters blood
stomach - churns food ingested through mouth
thymus - its hormones build immune system
thyroid - controls metabolism with thyroxine
urinary bladder - releases waste water from body
Muscle Groups/ Locations:
1. abdominal (abs) - front of waist
2. abductors - outer thigh
3. adductors - inner thigh
4. biceps - front of upper arm
5. cervix - back of neck
6. diaphragm - divides upper/ lower body
7. deltoids - shoulders
8. gastrocnemius - upper calf
9. gluteals (glutes) - buttocks
10. hamstrings - back of thighs
11. iliopsoas (psoas) - hip flexors
12. intercostals - muscles between ribs
13. latissimus (latts) - mid to lower back
14. obliques - sides of waist
15. pectorals (pects) - upper chest
16. plantars - arches/ soles of feet
17. popliteals - back of knees
18. quadriceps (quads) - front of thighs
19. sacrum - base of spine
20. soleus - lower calf
21. spinal extensors - back of spine
22. spinal flexors - front of spine
23. trapezius - back of shoulders
24. triceps - back of upper arms