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Body Works

Glands & Organs

How the Human Body Works


Since muscle groups are interconnected, a multi-level work-out is assured


every time we stretch. For example, when we stretch triceps, we strengthen


biceps; in releasing spinal extensors, we compact spinal flexors; and so on.

Chest opening postures enhance lung power by opening up the airways.


Postures involving back bends contract and tone spinal extensors in the


back of spine. They also open up pectorals, intercostals, and diaphragm


(which functions like an organ, but looks like a muscle).

Forward folds contract and strengthen spinal flexors in front of the spine.


Upper body compacting helps stretch trapezius and latissimus, while side


twists stretch psoas and tone the obliques as they help re-align the spine.


Abdominal massages enhance digestion, regulate bowel movement, and


maintain healthy functioning of regional glands and organs.

Upward arm stretches loosen rotator cuffs and strengthen the deltoids.


Backward arm stretches loosen biceps and tone the triceps. Forward leg


stretches mobilize the hip extensor, strengthen quadriceps, and stretch


hamstrings and calves; pelvic stretches release adductor muscles (inner


thigh), and strengthen the abductors outside the upper thigh.

Glands, Organs, and their Functions:


1.  adrenal - controls water, mineral, glucose levels


2.  brain - controls all other bodily functions


3.  diaphragm - muscular organ dividing upper and lower           regions of the abdominal area in front of the body


4.  gall bladder - stores bile to break down the food


5.  heart - purifies blood & pumps back to body


6.  islet of Langerhans - its insulin level controls blood sugar


7.  kidneys - renal organs that filter waste water


8.  large intestine - retains fecal matter for waste removal


9.  liver - its bile is stored in the gall bladder


10. lungs - respiratory organs directing air flow


11. pancreas - its juices aid in digestion of food


12. para-thyroid - controls calcium/ phosphorus


13. pineal - monitors sleep patterns/ of the mind


14. pituitary - its hormones control body growth


15. small intestine - absorbs nutrients/ minerals for distribution


16. spleen - regenerates/ stores/ filters blood


17. stomach - churns food ingested through mouth


18. thymus - its hormones build immune system


19. thyroid - controls metabolism with thyroxine


20. urinary bladder - releases waste water from body               

Muscle Groups

Muscle Groups, and their Locations:



1. abdominal (abs) - front of waist

2. abductors - outer thigh


3. adductors - inner thigh


4. biceps - front of upper arm


5. cervix - back of neck


6. diaphragm - divides upper/ lower body


7. deltoids - shoulders


8. gastrocnemius - upper calf


9. gluteals (glutes) - buttocks


10. hamstrings - back of thighs


11. iliopsoas (psoas) - hip flexors


12. intercostals - muscles between ribs


13. latissimus (latts) - mid to lower back


14. obliques - sides of waist


15. pectorals (pects) - upper chest


16. plantars - arches/ soles of feet


17. popliteals - back of knees


18. quadriceps (quads) - front of thighs


19. sacrum - base of spine


20. soleus - lower calf


21. spinal extensors - back of spine


22. spinal flexors - front of spine


23. trapezius - back of shoulders


24. triceps - back of upper arms

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