Body Works

 

How the Human Body Works

 

Since muscle groups are interconnected, a multi-level work-out is assured

 

every time we stretch. For example, when we stretch triceps, we strengthen

 

biceps; in releasing spinal extensors, we compact spinal flexors; and so on.

Chest opening postures enhance lung power by opening up the airways.

 

Postures involving back bends contract and tone spinal extensors in the

 

back of spine. They also open up pectorals, intercostals, and diaphragm

 

(which functions like an organ, but looks like a muscle).

Forward fold contract and strengthen spinal flexors in front of the spine.

 

Upper body compacting helps stretch trapezius and latissimus, while side

 

twists stretch psoas and tone the obliques as they help re-align the spine.

 

Abdominal massages enhance digestion, regulate bowel movement, and

 

maintain healthy functioning of regional glands and organs.

Upward arm stretches loosen rotator cuffs and strengthen the deltoids.

 

Backward arm stretches loosen biceps and tone the triceps. Forward leg

 

stretches mobilize the hip extensor, strengthen quadriceps, and stretch

 

hamstrings and calves; pelvic stretches release adductor muscles (inner

 

thigh), and strengthen the abductors outside the upper thigh.

Glands, Organs, and their Functions:

 

adrenal - controls water, mineral, glucose levels

 

brain - controls all other bodily functions

 

diaphragm - muscular organ dividing upper / lower regions

 

gall bladder - stores bile to break down the food

 

heart - purifies blood & pumps back to body

 

islet of Langerhans - its insulin level controls blood sugar

 

kidneys - renal organs that filter waste water

 

large intestine - retains fecal matter for waste removal

 

liver - its bile is stored in the gall bladder

 

lungs - respiratory organs directing air flow

 

pancreas - its juices aid digestion of food

 

para-thyroid - controls calcium / phosphorus

 

pineal - monitors sleep patterns/ of the mind

 

pituitary - its hormones control body growth

 

small intestine - absorbs nutrients / minerals for distribution

 

spleen - regenerates / stores / filters blood

 

stomach - churns food ingested through mouth

 

thymus - its hormones build immune system

 

thyroid - controls metabolism with thyroxine

 

urinary bladder - releases waste water from body               

 

Muscle Groups/ Locations:

 

 

1. abdominal (abs) - front of waist

2. abductors - outer thigh

 

3. adductors - inner thigh

 

4. biceps - front of upper arm

 

5. cervix - back of neck

 

6. diaphragm - divides upper/ lower body

 

7. deltoids - shoulders

 

8. gastrocnemius - upper calf

 

9. gluteals (glutes) - buttocks

 

10. hamstrings - back of thighs

 

11. iliopsoas (psoas) - hip flexors

 

12. intercostals - muscles between ribs

 

13. latissimus (latts) - mid to lower back

 

14. obliques - sides of waist

 

15. pectorals (pects) - upper chest

 

16. plantars - arches/ soles of feet

 

17. popliteals - back of knees

 

18. quadriceps (quads) - front of thighs

 

19. sacrum - base of spine

 

20. soleus - lower calf

 

21. spinal extensors - back of spine

 

22. spinal flexors - front of spine

 

23. trapezius - back of shoulders

 

24. triceps - back of upper arms

Note - Professional guidance is recommended for beginners.  Contents on site are copyright protected since 2004.

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